Artist Biography by Michael G. Nastos for ALLMUSIC
Edition, adaptation and comment by Toni Basanta from Fairfax, Vermont, USA
One of the all-time great tenor saxophonists, Johnny Griffin will go down in the annals of Jazz as a performer easily able to negotiate the tricky harmonic changes and swift tempos of modern music. He’ll also be remembered as a player who could masterfully interpret tender ballads, rivaling Ben Webster in that regard.
Born John Arnold Griffin III in Chicago, Illinois, on April 24, 1928, he resided on the South Side of the Second City with his mother, who was a singer, and father, who played cornet.
Two years later he picked up an alto saxophone, and soon thereafter was working with bluesman-composer T-Bone Walker.
A student at DuSable High School, he was tutored by the legendary band director Captain Walter Dyett.
Upon graduation, he toured with Lionel Hampton‘s Big Band, switched to the tenor sax, and moved to New York City. The late ’40s saw Griffin honking his share of R & B with Joe Morris up to 1950, alongside the band of Jo Jones in 1950, and with Arnett Cobb in 1951. He enlisted in the armed services stationed in Hawaii, and played in an Army band.
After his military commitment, he returned to Chicago and was in the company of Thelonious Monk‘s various ensembles up to the mid-’60s.
Griffin cut his Blue Note album Introducing Johnny Griffin in 1958, and that year formed a Sextet with Detroiters Pepper Adams and Donald Byrd. He collaborated with pianists Bud Powell and Elmo Hope, was enlisted by Art Blakey briefly as a member of the Jazz Messengers, energized his solo recording career for the Riverside label, and obtained his nickname, The Little Giant, with that eponymously titled LP in 1959.
His most famous and popular teaming was with fellow saxophonist Eddie “Lockjaw” Davis. Griffin also recorded the legendary A Blowin’ Session for the Blue Note label with tenor saxophone masters John Coltrane and Hank Mobley.
But Griffin grew weary of the U.S. and its apathy regarding Jazz, so he became an expatriate.
He was living in Paris, France, by 1963, and did many albums with European rhythm sections for the Storyville, Black Lion, and Steeplechase labels.
He was also a charter member and chief soloist for many years in the Kenny Clarke-Francy Boland Big Band alongside American and Continental standouts. The year 1975 was an important one for Griffin, who was featured with the bands of Dizzy Gillespie and Count Basie as documented in recordings of their sets at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland. He also collaborated with German saxophonist Klaus Doldinger and his fusion band Passport. In the late ’70s, Griffin returned to the States to record for the Galaxy label, and toured with fellow expatriate tenor saxophonist Dexter Gordon.
He left Paris for the countryside of the Netherlands to live on a farm, then headed to the Côte d’Azur in 1980, and in 1984 to rural Availles-Limouzine.
On the weeks of his birthday, Griffin made regular appearances at the Jazz Showcase back home in Chicago. In his later years, he collaborated with pianist Martial Solal and saxophonist Steve Grossman.
Griffin passed away at age 80 on July 25, 2008, at his home in Availles-Limouzine.
After reading the highly documented liner notes and bio of JOHNNY GRIFFIN, by Michael G. Nastos for ALLMUSIC – I’d like to remark when and how I did find his sound.
It was an INTERJAZZ Big Band led by Slide Hampton and renowned Czeck conductor-composer Vaclav Zaharadnik in Prague.
GRIFFIN was the lead tenor of a solid institution who was integrated by soloists from Great Britain, Jamaica, Austria, Germany, Hungary, Roumania, and of course Czeck players, and several United States of America, expatriates like Griffin, living in EUROPE.
I bought that album at LA CASA DE LA CULTURA CHECO-ESLOVACA in Havana, Cuba, in the 1980s, and listened to it for always, read all the liner notes by Tony Matzner and learned a lot about JAZZ history.
After more than three decades, I still remember some of the names of those incredible JAZZ players : Ronnie Ross (baritone sax from Great Britain), Dizzy Reece (trumpet player from Jamaica), Erick Kleinchuster (trombonist from Austria), Jiri Stivin (Czeck flutist), Rudolf Dasek (Czeck guitarist), Mihaly Raduly (alto sax from Hungary), and Vince Benedetti (pianist from the US).
I was charmed by the ORCHESTRATIONS, the use of French and English horns which gave the JAZZ compositions a highly deserved Symphonic rank.
Three of the Songs that I now recall are : “You stepped out of a dream” featuring Dizzy Reece at its best. “Round About Midnight” with a gorgeous solo intro by Vince Benedetti at the piano, and later GRiFFiN’s solo affair murdering the classic anthem.
The Gardener’s Waltz was composed by Slide Hampton and dedicated to his conductor partner. THE GARDENER’S WALTZ is a game on word. It is the translation of Mr. Zaharadnik’s name into English.
More about this find in a forthcoming posting. Today the efforts are to remember JOHNNY GRIFFIN’s birth – whose tenor sax is still resounding and revolting my senses.
Still resting in power Mr. Griffin, while we continue with your legacy.
DJ Host of The Cuban Bridge on the radio and on television